Wednesday, August 26, 2020
The Effect of Terrorism on Human Rights The Clash between the human rights advocates and victims of terrorism
Conceptual Over the ongoing past, the issue of psychological oppression has raised a significant security worry on the planet. This has expanded the need to have successful counter fear based oppression measures.Advertising We will compose a custom exposition test on The Effect of Terrorism on Human Rights: The Clash between the human rights promoters and survivors of psychological oppression explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, the battle against psychological warfare has prompted contention between the measures taken by the state counter psychological warfare advisory group and the perspectives on human right associations. In this examination, we look to discover the ramifications of psychological oppression on human rights and its effect on worldwide security. The conversation starts with a prologue to the general issue of fear based oppression and its suggestion on human rights. The inquiry whether human rights are being damaged by counter-fear based op pression estimates will be fundamentally investigated all through this examination. At last, some consideration has been given to address the counter fear based oppression gauges that are executed to address the national and universal security. All the while, there are human right issues that emerge from the examinations, detainment, and the arraignment of the psychological oppression suspects. Presentation and the Problem Statement and examination question Over the previous decade, the issue of psychological warfare has been one of the significant worries in numerous nations. Instances of fear have expanded fundamentally; this is a reality that represents a significant test to human rights as it raises issues for casualties and culprits the same. There is accordingly a need to have a basic examination of psychological warfare and human right issues encompassing the bad habit. Psychological oppression can be considered as a bad habit since it is against the essential human rights. T his investigation looks to give a definite examination on this issue of psychological oppression and the varying perspectives on how it ought to be relieved. Instances of psychological warfare have expanded altogether over the ongoing past the same number of honest individuals lost their lives. So as to relieve the fear mongering exercises, numerous nations have put severe measures on people suspected to be engaged with the bad habit. This raises further issues on the sentiment that people saw as engaged with fear mongering reserve the option to be treated in the correct way as individuals from the human family (High Commissioner for Human Rights 3).Advertising Looking for exposition on political theories? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The exploration will have an approach suggestion. It will furnish the approach creators with the essential data which may assume a critical job in detailing of the best arrangements. This inve stigation will likewise give a profound comprehension of the issue of psychological warfare and its suggestion on human rights. For this situation, a significant inquiry we have to pose is whether the two governments just as Human Rights associations have adequately responded in the correct manner to fear based oppression. That is, the methodology which doesn't disregard the privileges of both the people in question and the culprits. Human Rights associations have the duty to guarantee that the legislatures and other counter psychological oppression authorities regard the human rights and the law in their battle against fear based oppression. The human rights associations additionally have a significant task to carry out in meaning of psychological warfare at the universal level and furthermore take part in proposing the most ideal manner by which the issue ought to be taken care of (International Council on Human Rights Policy 2011: 10). There is a requirement for the supporters to have a reasonable and justifiable remain on the issue of psychological warfare so as to think of the best method to relieve fear mongering. Gani and Mathew (2008: 142) saw that there is a need to have a cutting edge approach towards the war against psychological warfare. For example, fear based oppressors have changed their strategies and ways to deal with execute dread. There is a need to have a further developed security check in air terminals and ports to forestall trade of risky weapons between nations. It is likewise important to have fit legitimate structures so as to improve the proficiency while managing dread cases that includes cross outskirt issues. As effectively noticed, the issue of fear based oppression has a basic human rights suggestion both for the people in question and the culprits. The measures required with an end goal to alleviate fear mongering has raised basic human rights issues.Advertising We will compose a custom paper test on The Effect of Terrorism on Human Rights: The Clash between the human rights supporters and casualties of psychological oppression explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More For example, new methods for controlling the development of individuals starting with one spot then onto the next has basic human right issues since a portion of the methods applied are believed to abuse their development rights (Australian Human Rights Commission 2011: standard 4). In the contemporary world, the degree of innovation has essentially expanded. Connection between different pieces of the world has likewise strengthened because of expanded effectiveness in correspondence. This makes it simpler to identify any plans of dread before it is executed. This has introduced a significant improvement in the war against dread. In the mean time, a few bodies are upholding for utilization of vote based procedures in the battle against fear based oppression (Weinberg 2008: 80). This has expanded security dangers from fear based oppression both at global and the national levels (Antonio and SÃ£ ¡nchez 2009: 36). It has additionally raised a worry on infringement of essential human rights both through the demonstration and furthermore through the way toward alleviating the demonstration itself. For example, fear based oppression cases may rise when over the top accentuation is put on majority rule systems in moderating dread. As prior referenced, there are various types of psychological warfare which can be recognized for this situation. One sort of fear based oppression is strict psychological warfare. This is a kind of fear mongering where strict psychological oppressors assault an enormous number of individuals whom they allude to as their adversaries. A portion of the strict fear bunches incorporate Hezbollah, Al Qaeda and Hamas. Narcoterrorism is another normal sort of psychological oppression. This is the sort of fear mongering which includes drugs. Different sorts of psychological oppression incorpor ate the state supported fear based oppression. Various People have up with differing typologies trying to comprehend the issue of psychological oppression. Lockinger sorts psychological oppression as indicated by the players who are included. Lockinger classifies fear based oppression dependent on the entertainers in question, means and strategies utilized, thought processes just as the topographical range (Schmid 2011: 173). As far as geological range, there can be either residential or universal psychological warfare (Schmid 2011: 173).Advertising Searching for exposition on political theories? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More Household fear based oppression is the sort of psychological warfare where the fear based oppression exercises are directed by the individuals from inside the nation. This is against global fear mongering where the culprits might be from a remote nation. As far as the techniques utilized, ter4rorism can be named self destruction fear mongering, Cyber psychological oppression, bio-psychological warfare, atomic psychological warfare and synthetic fear mongering (Schmid 2011: 173). This examination tries to look at the clashing issues on the best way to deal with handle the psychological oppression culprits. There are clashing thoughts on human rights concerning how the culprits ought to be treated from their judgment to their preliminary. At the end of the day, the examination will help in seeing better the issue of wrongdoing and its moderation. Examination Question Which contrasts brings about deciding the best way to deal with alleviate psychological oppression? At the end of the da y, this examination looks to analyze the issues on human rights that emerge from the mediation to battle psychological warfare. Writing Review Several examinations have been done on the ramifications of the human rights on the fear based oppression exercises. This writing looks to distinguish the principle commitments on the issue after which holes on these investigations will be recognized. The writing checked on will be valuable in addressing the examination question. In the contemporary world, instances of fear mongering have fundamentally expanded. This has represented an incredible danger to the human rights. This is on the grounds that the issue of fear based oppression raises basic human rights worry from the two viewpoints. There are basic human rights worries to both the casualties just as the culprits of psychological warfare (Strossen 2003: 7). The idea of human rights can be followed back in 1948 through the Universal Declaration of the human rights (Zalman 2011: standar d 1). This includes both individual and aggregate human rights. This uncovers the significance of watching the issues of human rights in the battle against fear based oppression. Move of Terrorist Suspects The exchange of people who are suspected for psychological militant exercises has critical ramifications on the human rights and global relations. The exchange if dread suspects can essentially influence universal relations. For example, the procedure where the activity is led might be believed to disregard the fundamental human rights. It is important to have coordination between the nations required to guarantee that here is requirement for the dread suspects to be moved in an increasingly straightforward manner which is steady with the human rights at both global and the national levels. As indicated by the lawful rights, prisoners reserve the option to be advised about the purpose behind their detainment and the offense they are charged for (Office of the United Nations High C ommissioner for Human rights 2008: 825). They ought to likewise be permitted to get to legitimate insight. At the national level, the national specialists have the obligation of guaranteeing that all the human rights and move or detainment are as per the global law. For this situation, the past investigations have neglected to think about the distinctions and the likenesses on the different methodologies applied
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Imperialism and Disease in Cholera, Kuru and Anthrax - Essay Example Spain in the mid 1600s and other tremendous countries was hoping to create land in the new world for themselves and get gold, silver, and force while changing over locals. In the wake of going to the new world, the Spanish pilgrim, vanquishing the locals and manufactured settlements. Nonetheless, with an expanded rate expansionism, numerous students of history see that the pace of infectious some specific illness additionally expanded and the western medicine is another defense for advancing imperialism. Students of history, for example, Roland Chrisjohn and John S. Milly from Canada have since distributed reports indicating proof on how the conversation about malady spread hid by colonialists to conceal the genuine starting points of the locals were tainted with the new infections. Students of history have expressed that European settlers on finding that the indigenous individuals were not invulnerable to specific maladies, they intentionally spread the sicknesses for military points of interest and to oppress the neighborhood individuals. In this way, the connection among's expansionism and infection can be analyzed in following malady cases: Cholera in India, Kuru in eastern Highlands of New Guinea and smallpox in China during Late Imperial Time. Cholera, as characterized as an Asian or Indian illness during the nineteenth century (Nappi, Lecture 3.1 21 January 2014), was wild in India and furthermore in the modernly evolved nation as the United Kingdom. It spread over the world from its source in the Ganges delta, in India. Cholera is an intense diarrhoeal and harmful sickness that influences the two kids and grown-ups and kills inside hours whenever left untreated. Successful control of cholera depends on the readiness, anticipation, and reaction. As per generally European and American doctors, Cholera was a privately delivered miasmatic malady which was achieved by direct introduction to smudged and rotted products.Ã¢
Friday, August 21, 2020
A Physics Metaphor Physics demos at MIT are pretty high on the list of awesome things in life. Last semesters demos in 8.022 (Electricity and Magnetism, with theory) ranged from rubbing dead cats on sticks to pouring super-cold liquid oxygen over a magnet to playing a physics guitar. That class was cool enough to make me continue in the physics track, so I showed up for 8.03 (Waves and Vibrations) with high expectations. I was not disappointed. Our professor explained as he fired up the demo how electromagnetic waves traveled through the wires to create mechanical waves in the speaker, producing acoustic waves which propagated towards the waiting wine glass. Then he upped the intensity and in true traditional style, we started out the semester by breaking a glass. A lot of people compare at MIT education to drinking from a firehose. Id like to go out on a limb and compare it to that physics demo. The institute is the speaker, sending waves of material towards us at all different frequencies and intensities, and we are the wine glass, ready to resonate in tune. When the speaker is tuned to the right frequency, it can make the wine glass really sing. Ive always felt this resonance with math, but I think Im starting to feel it with physics, too. There must be some reason I made room in my schedule to take a physics course! But the metaphor holds for so many MIT students Ive met. Get them talking about the right subject and they virtually sing, showing their passion for what they do. Its part of the insatiable thirst of us wine glasses that we cant get enough of the music. But turn up the intensity too high, and * crack * â" were left in pieces. Theres no denying that MIT is hard, and Id be lying if I tried to hide the fact that some people dont make it. I know several people who went before the Committee on Academic Performance after the fall term, and two of my friends were asked to take a one-year leave of the institute. That got me thinking. MIT students are in general used to a history of success just look at the high standards in the admissions office. The idea that someone who was doing so well academically could turn around and get hit with something they couldnt handle, that the wine glass which was just singing is now in shards on the table, speaks to how difficult the curriculum at MIT really is (not to mention how much I need to study!) So I guess the wine in the wine glass represents our brains, filling up with knowledge. And when the glass breaks and the wine spills all over the speaker, its like our brains, flying out of our heads and smashing all over the institute? No, that cant be right Well, its not a perfect metaphor. Best stick with the firehose. But while Im on the topic of physics (sort of actually not really anymore), I cant restrain myself from reposting the following scholarly article by prospective student Ike S., (15???), as an excellent example of applying scientific methodology to the present situation of SO MUCH SNOW! Optimization of adolescent arrangement on plastic sleds in February: a novel approach of quantum methods that might cure cancer Introduction Colloquially known as Snowmageddon or Snowpocalypse, the blizzard conditions that existed at the start of February in the year of 2011 are rare in the suburbs of Chicago. They brought vortex-like winds and tumults of snow to the courts and circles of Naperville. Such an awesome natural occurrence was seen as both a curse, by stranded motorists, and a blessing, by overexcited schoolchildren. Sledding is a popular activity among said schoolchildren. However, the question of how to best distribute bodily mass on sleds is a frequently-ignored conundrum. Foolish critics may dismiss this as trivial, but it has far-reaching consequences. In this analysis, we present a novel method for optimization of arrangements. We also discuss its quantum nature and applications in the field of cancer research. Methods and Materials A group of seven subjects were used to conduct this experiment. Each subject contributed some sleds. The exact matching of sled to contributor was not recorded and is not relevant. The experiment was conducted in a sloped field in a residential neighborhood. Some environmental hazards may impact the results. A second group of subjects was unexpectedly present during the experiment. Though there was little interaction between the two groups, contamination is possible. However, we have done our best to correct for any possible errors. The group tested various arrangements through a process of trial-and-error. However, before an arrangement was tested, safety procedures were conducted. These were usually prompted by the male subject who wore jeans and leather gloves, and the male subject in ski gear. Risk factors such as tendency to break bones were considered. Some arrangements, especially those involving hurtling down the sloped hill head-first in groups, were ruled out. However, head-first hurtling occurred on an individual basis. But those anecdotes are not relevant to this paper. These safety precautions contribute to the novel nature of the procedure. Rarely do adolescents, especially adolescent males, perform a full-scale risk analysis for an action so adventurous as descending a snowy slope in a plastic box. Once an arrangement was theorized, the group determined if it was possible to complete an arrangement. If so, the group completed the arrangement and proceeded down the slope. From the point when the group left the top of the slope to the point where they arrived at the bottom of the slope, quantum effects occurred. These include: The group took all possible paths. The groups final position was undetermined until they were observed. Color charge conservation was not observed. The group was red much more often than it was any other color. The sled veered off in random directions. This was obviously the result of quantum fluctuations. Results The optimal position was determined to be the following arrangement: Two red sleds sitting parallel, each with their front facing down the slope. Two adolescents sat in one of the sleds and two in the other. They placed their feet in the sled in which they did not sit. They also alternated, one sitting in one sled and the adjacent adolescent sitting in the other. Then the other three adolescents laid across the legs of the sitting adolescents. This caused minimal pain that lasted only until the adolescents moved into more sensible and comfortable positions. This result has been named the 4-3,di-parallel-multidiagonal FSHZLTT arrangement. Discussion The documented arrangement has implications for the future of snow merry-making for adolescents. This position was found to be the optimal position for seven people, and, given the equipment provide, two sleds. However, many more combinations are possible. How would varying the number and people affect the optimality? How would varying the angle (theta, of course) of the slope, or the time of day, or the density of the snow, impact the results? We leave these questions open to future experimenters. The applications to the field of cancer research immediately become apparent. It may be possible to use packing arrangements similar to the most optimal setup found in the Results section to package biological molecules for infiltration into cancer cells. Taming biological molecules is certainly easier than taming male adolescent human beings, so coaxing the molecules into such a complex formation should be, as the colloquialism goes, a piece of cake. Conclusion A snowy afternoon was the perfect time to conduct an experiment involving adolescent humans, plastic sleds, and fluffy white snow. The weather catalyzed a reaction which produced various arrangements. Using a novel method, the arrangements were tested for safety, attempted, conducted, and analyzed. The optimal arrangement was found and dubbed the 4-3,di-parallel-multidiagonal FSHZLTT arrangement. During the experiment, quantum effects were observed, and the results point to possible breakthroughs in the area of cancer research. Well, some wine glasses resonate with physics, others resonate with sledding. To each his own.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Shakespeares greatest poem isÃ The Rape of Lucrece. Explore some of the key themes in this classic text. The Plague It has been suggested that this poem reflects fears about the plague, which was rampant in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s England. The dangers of inviting a stranger into your home could result in your body being ravaged by disease, as Lucrece is ravaged. She kills herself to save her family from shame, but if the rape signifies the plague might she kill herself to prevent the disease from spreading? The play was written at a time when the theaters would have been closed to prevent the spreading of the plague and may, therefore, have informed ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s writing. The story would have been familiar to Elizabethans and various versions of it were already available. Love and Sexuality The Rape of Lucrece serves as an antidote to Venus and Adonis in that it provides a moral contrast to how it deals with the idea of love and sexuality. Tarquin is unable to subdue his desires despite misgivings and he suffers for this, as does the undeserving Lucrece and her family. It is a cautionary tale of what can happen if you let your desires run free. Tarquin, Lines 267-271 Why hunt I then for colour or excuses?All orators are dumb when beauty pleadethPoor wretches have remorse in poor abuses;Love thrives not in the heart that shadows dreadeth;Affection is my captain, and he leadeth This play is a contrast to the romantic comedy of As You Like It, for example, where the pursuit of love and affection is treated in a light, though hard-won, way. This poem highlights the dangers of self-satisfaction and pursuing the wrong person. The pastoral is replaced by the military and instead of a game; the pursuit of a woman is seen as the spoils of war but in the end, it is seen for what it is which is a kind of a war crime. The poem comes under the genre known as the complaint, a type of poem which was popular in the late middle ages and Renaissance. This style was particularly popular at the time when this poem was written. A complaint is usually in the form of a monologue in which the narrator laments and bewails their fate or the sad state of the world. The Rape of Lucrece fits the complaintsÃ¢â¬â¢ highly elaborate style, which uses digressions and long speeches. Themes of Rape Violation often takes Biblical images in The Rape of Lucrece. Tarquin takes on the role of Satan in the garden of Eden, violating an innocent and incorruptible Eve. Collatine takes on the role of Adam, who lures Satan in with his boastful discourse about his wife and her beauty. When he takes the apple from the tree, the Snake enters LucreceÃ¢â¬â¢s bedchamber and violates her. Lines 85-87 This earthly saint adored by this devilLittle suspecteth the false worshipper,For unstained thoughts do seldom dream on evil. Collatine is responsible for inciting TarquinÃ¢â¬â¢s desires and redirecting his rage from the enemy in the field to his own wife. Tarquin becomes jealous of Collatine and instead of vanquishing an army, his desires are redirected towards Lucrece as his prize. Lucrece is described as if she is a work of art; Lines 27-28 Honour and beauty in the ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s armsAre weakly fortressed from a world of harms. TarquinÃ¢â¬â¢s rape of her is described as if she is a fortress under attack. He conquers her physical attributes. Through her suicide, LucreceÃ¢â¬â¢s body becomes a political symbol. As feminism later coined, the personal is political and the King and his family are finally overthrown to make way for the Republic to be formed. Lines 1849-1855 When they had sworn to this advised doomThey did conclude to bear dead Lucrece thenceTo show her bleeding body thorough Rome,And to publish TarquinÃ¢â¬â¢s foul offence;Which being done with speedy diligence,The Romans plausibly did give consentTo TarquinÃ¢â¬â¢s everlasting banishment. Source Shakespeare, William. The Rape of Lucrece. Paperback, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, March 11, 2018.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Ora Fudge English 1302.41430 Prof. Savage 4 Dec. 2016 Effects of Divorce on Children s Socio-Economic Success The family is the lowest unit within the social structure. Basically, a family consists of a couple and their children. Socially, a Ã¢â¬Å"fullÃ¢â¬ family unit is respected while Ã¢â¬Å"oneÃ¢â¬ units are stigmatized. In the past decade, an extensive literature has been developed in relation to the interplay between family structure, family change and child outcomes. In the developed world, marriage is no longer a priority particularly to the younger generation. There is a dimension of literature that claims that children raised by lone parents generally perform relatively poorer than those brought up in two-parent set ups (Jeffrey 102-103). Divorce should be viewed as a series of events and not as a single event. It involves a confluence of factors and processes that occur during and after the divorce. This essay asserts that divorce has negative effects on Children s Socio-economic success. Divorce affects education in qu antifiable terms. Education influences a childÃ¢â¬â¢s economic status through multiple fronts. The first dimension is access to the job market and occupation. Good education or schooling is associated with higher pay which in turn translates to better lifestyles and quality of life (Jeffrey 67-68). Studies indicate that divorce and low educational performance are positively correlated. A study conducted by Potter established that studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ in divorced familiesShow MoreRelatedThe Attachment Theory On Child Abuse, The Family, And. Children And Divorce2249 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAttachment Theory in Child Psychology The term attachment describes an infant s tendency to seek closeness to particular people and to feel more secure in their presence (Atkinson et al, 2000, p90). 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
This movie tells us the story of a Pakistani migrant who experiments troubles finding a compromise between his integration and keeping his roots. Indeed, we understand his will to impose his family a strict Pakistani culture at the very beginning of the movie, when he pushes his eldest son in an arranged marriage. His family is obviously reluctant to his conservative vision, which leads the whole family to stand up against the father when he tries to organize arranged marriages for two of his other sons. We will write a custom essay sample on East Is East Movie Review or any similar topic only for you Order Now Hence, we are being presented successively two different facets of this character. On the one hand, a narrow-minded and over-conservative person, which makes him a brutal husband (the climax of this movie might be when he beats his wife, which marks a real turning point for the relations among the family) and an oppressive father. The realisator managed to create a complex character around who the movie is articulated. As a matter of fact, his presence is tangible throughout the movie, even among the scenes which are shot through the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view. With hindsight, this movie is about a man torn between his desire of integration (we might note his pride when he talks about his owning a business) and the fear of losing his roots. We eventually feel that he just wishes the best for his family, which is why he imposes his vision of life. Though, we might see a part of egoism in his acts, as the strict way he is raising his kids is also a way for him to compensate the distance with his own country . The numerous points of view proposed give texture to this movie, and animates the underlying issues; it comes to say the cultural and generational clash. Even though the subject is quite serious and sad, the realisator succeeded in making this movie lively, and rather optimistic. Many scenes are very dramatic and include a lot of humour. Furthermore, it offers a progressive outlook through the Ã « happy ending Ã » and the evolution of points of view from one generation to an other (ErnestÃ¢â¬â¢s tolerance Vs itÃ¢â¬â¢s grand-fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s intolerance). Finally, we might also think of the scene when Sajid gets his hood ripped off to represent the fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s openness to his familyÃ¢â¬â¢s expectations. Indeed, in a previous scene shot from SajidÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view, the hood gives a very narrow and vaginal-shaped view angle. Therefore, this scene might be applied to his father, the loss of the hood symbolising both the loss of his blinkers and the cut of his umbilical cordon. Thus, it suggests the birth of a brand new man and the entrance in a new era for his family. How to cite East Is East Movie Review, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Comparison of life in America and Canada. Answer: Introduction The wellbeing of an individual is determined by the cost of living in a particular area that is total amount of money that an individual needs to sustain the living standard. It concerns the basic needs such as food, housing, clothing, healthcare and many others (Atalla, Bigerna, Bollino, Fuentes 2017, p. 116). Different cities have different cost of living and are affected by various factors such as the countrys economic, social, and environmental factors (Tan 2016, p. 23). The paper explores, the various factors that determine the cost of living in both Canada and America, and the come up with a conclusive recommendation to determine the best city to hail in. Canada is located on the northern side of the North America content covering an area of about 9.98 million square kilometers, thereby making the country to the second largest in the world and most of the areas are covered by forest, rocky mountains and tundra. The Canada has ten provinces and is sparsely populated with approximately 35,151,728 people ranking the country at number 38 as the most populated in the world. Canada is a major supplier of the agricultural products and leading energy exporter. Canada ranks as the fifteenth in the nominal per capita income global rating and tenth in the human development index ranking. These factors are attributed to the low level of corruption, civil liberties, high level, of education, economic freedom and many others that eventually affect the quality and cost of living (Bricker, Dettling, Henriques, Hsu, , Jacobs, Moore, Pack, Sabelhaus, Thompson, Windle 2017, p. 89). America also known as the United States of America is situated in the N orthern American continent too, and covers about 3,805,927 square miles with a population of about 320,061,700. America is the third largest country, with a mixed economy (Koth Debeaumont 2017). Factors Affecting the Standard of Living The two countries appear remarkably similar as both display impressive infrastructure system, high socioeconomic profile, diverse ethnicity, and sprawl. However, when the factors are further broken down into smaller traits and analyzed, they show big contrast that brings a difference in the level of living standard and well being of an individual. Gross Domestic Product The standard of living in a nation is mostly determined by the GDP. GDP is the monetary value of all the finished products and services within a countrys border at a specific time frame and helps in determining the economic activity of a nation (Chien Mistry 2013, p. 9). GDP includes the consumption, government expenditure, investment, and export fewer imports (James Ming 2015, p. 20). The mode for measuring GDP is uniform, making possible for economics to determine and compare the cost of living of various nations. The GDP is calculated using based on two approaches that are production and income based. The production approach determines the value of a finished product regarding the cost of the material and services involved, while the income approach determines the GDP about the amount of the coins spent to acquire a product or a service. However, some countries have invested in the international market; their economic health is the best measure of Gross National Income that cover s both the domestic and foreign investments (James 2015). The prices of goods differ in countries, and this is always determined using the real GDP by comparing the prices of a product or service between current and base year. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), the formula for real GDP per capita is real GDP/population. The inflation of a country always fluctuates in different parts of the year and therefore, if the GDP stays in the negative then the countys economy tends to recess, and if the time continues, the country goes into depression, then prices of goods and services tend to inflate (James 2015). The GDP tends to impact directly on the personal finance, investment and the availability of employment. This in return affects the cost of living. The table 1 shows Canadian GDP from 2012 to 2018, projecting to 2022. In 2017 the gross domestic product per capita in Canada was about 43,611.26 U.S dollars. In 2014 Canada had one of the largest GDP per capita values in the world. It shows steady growth from 2010 to 2013 with a difference of about 1.2% and then dropped up to 2017. On the other hand, table 2 shows America GDP, that tends to advance annually too from 2010 with about 1.8 % till 2014 that it dropped, ringing the value to negative (Tan 2016, p. 7). From 2016 the GDP the started increasing again and is projected to increase steadily by 2.5% up to 2020. From the statistic it is notable that the GDP of an American is higher than that of a Canadian, this high percentage cannot translate to the well being of the most of the Americans since the per capita GDP is much higher. The high GDP makes the standard of living to go higher while obtaining key elements such as water, food shelter, and health service. Figure 1: Shows GDP of Canada Figure 2: Shows GDP of America Disposable Income The cost of living in an area at an individual level is most appropriately determined by the amount of salary received since money determines the amount and quality of services and products received (Smith 2012, p.5). When an individual has low disposable income, the quality of services received is also low, and when the deposable incomes are more, the quality and amount of the products increases. Several studies shows that rich people tend to have higher well-being compared to individuals who are poor, therefore the latter are always less happy (Eksi Kaya 2017). The difference in the amount of disposable income varies per job specifications, country, and employer. The average salary for both Canadian and an American are perceived to be most of the same amount (George Rhodes 2017, p. 7). After taxation, a Canadian averagely receives $2,773.50 while an America gets $ 3,258.85 per month ranking them number 24 and 12 respectively in the whole world. Food Food is the basic need of a human being as its the source of energy. Unavailability of adequate and good quality food, results into poor feeding styles that eventually translate into diseases such as kwashiorkor, cancer, obesity, cardiovascular disease and many others (Eksi Kaya 2017, p.34). Food and drinks cost are always priced about the item and the area and are relatively the same in both united states and Canada. However, the average value of the food is cheaper in Canada than in America (Korth DeBeaumont 2017, p. 51). Agriculture production being one of the major economies in Canada makes more agricultural products such as fruits to be less expensive in the country than in America, and on the other hand, America is a mixed economy with various processing companies experience cheaper processed food items than in Canadians. From the average of the randomly picked food items below, it is observed that the total cost of those food items is less in Canada with a small margin. Canada ($) America ($) Milk(1l) 1.67 0.85 Loaf of bread(500g) 2.77 3.30 Chicken breast (1kg) 9.05 8.50 Rice(1kg) 2.97 3.95 Total cost 16.46 16.6 Table 1: Shows Comparison of essential food items between America and Canada Housing Housing or shelter is one of the fundamental needs of a human being and is also a determinant used to measure the well being of an individual and the whole country. Unavailability of shelter poses an individual to various threats such burglary and diseases such as pneumonia. When the number of houses in a country is less than the total population, then the cost of housing tends to go up. This eventually translates to a high living standard in a country. Type of the house Value of renting a house in Canada ($) Value of renting a house in America($ ) Furnished one-bedroom house in the city 930.31 1200.99 furnished one-bedroom house outside of a city 742.32 942.42 Furnished three-bedroom house in the city 1,498.83 1933.65 furnished-three bedroom outside of a city 1,203.00 1,501.72 Table 2: Shows comparison accommodation rate in Canada and America From the table, it is evident that the prices of houses in Canada are much lower than in America, a factor that was contributed by the huge mortgage in America in the past years. All the houses that were privately owned in America were taken by the government entities such Federal Housing Administration and the U.S Department of Veterans Affairs that all regulate the system of housing making it too complicated, encouraging homeownership (Whaples 2011, p. 34). While in Canada, housing policy promotes the access to the house through a variety of tenure: whereby it does not explicitly encourage homeownership. In Canada, the conventional mortgages are the five-year fixed rate closed mortgage unlike in the U.S the 30-year fixed-rate open mortgage has been the most common(Dupras 2017, p. 6). The type of mortgage in the U.S, therefore, makes many residents own their own homes, making it difficult for the non-residents to get a house. The few houses in America left for renting eventually becomes more expensive since the demand is very high. Health Services Health services entail the availability of affordable health services to a person. The quality and quantity of health services determine the life expectancy of an individual. America and Canadian contains some of the well-known health services in the world, however, according to the 2012 OECD Health data study, America ranks as number one the most expensive healthcare services with a per capita of $ 8,233, and Canada with health care per capita of $ 4,300 is cheaper than America. According to the U.S National Research Council, the Canadians tends to live longer than the Americans, an indication that latter are less healthy. The report further estimates that a Canadian born in 2007 is expected to live to about 79.3 for men and 82.3 years for girls, much more compared to 75.6 and 80.1 respectively in America (Whaples 2011, p. 90). The difference in life expectancy is brought about by the common smoking habit of Americans and availability of fat and fatty foods that causes cardiovascular disease and obesity ranking it to number 26 and Canada as number 10 in the whole world according to OECD. The smoking habit eventually affects the infant life expectancy in America. Most of the infants record low birth weight and tend to have a high mortality rate. However much the mortality rate Is high, and the life expectancy is low, amerce commands the best doctors that are capable of treating so many chronic diseases such as cancer, making a large number of patients to travel to America in search of the services. As it is human nature, the habit is more likely to be adopted by an immigrant or a newcomer that will eventually die before the right time. Finally, Americans tend to pay more money from their Gross domestic product towards health care by about 17% than the Canadians that pay about 11%. Figure 3: Shows the Life Expectancy of America and Canada Infrastructure Infrastructure is very essential as it allows the movement of people, products, and services from one place to another. In a situation of inadequate infrastructure system, the movement tends to be difficult and expensive. United States infrastructure is one of the most intricate transportation networks in the world (Morris 2016). The country has over 4million highways that extend to thousand, miles, numerous airports and railways lines that are capable of getting more people and goods to more various places than any country in the world. The Interstate Highway System dictates over one percent of the America transportation networks On the same note, Canadas infrastructure is one of the best-developed in the world since it meets the standard needed for high-tech business and international trade. These are about 36,114 kilometers of railways, 901,902 kilometers of roads that access all the major cities of Canada the developed highways and rails allow approximately 400 million tons of goods into and out of the country enabling good business. The excellent infrastructure favors the bus travelers who are always charged for about 1.75 CAD/km. However, the total miles of the road stretch is only about 648,000 that is far less to that of America. Education Apart from the basic needs of human being, the secondary requirements such as the cost of educations determine the level of living standards of a country. A well-educated individual is perceived to have a better lifestyle than an educated individual. The cost of tuition varies from country to country and also depends on the level and quality of education offered by the service provider. A large number of students tend to cross across borders in search of better academic services. The cost of these educational services tends to vary by the country and the level of education perceived. A large number of students are always in big debts resulting from the search of education in America that is higher than other countries. In America, it cost averagely about $ 37,600 in average public college and above $ 160, 000 in prestigious schools such as Harvard (Tan 2016). In the other hand, the average cost for a degree level starts at $ 8,000 to about $ 28,000, with about $ 50,000 in the most prestigious colleges, which is approximately one-third of a degree pursued in Harvard University. Moreover, Canada provides free public education to all citizens and permanent residents all way from the kindergarten to secondary school. This makes Canada cheaper than America in education provision, hence making it a destination for many students across the world that cannot afford to go America. Job Opportunities A large percentage of immigrants always cross borders in search of better employment opportunities. Securing a job ensures that an individual is capable of sustaining the needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. The rate of employment differs in various countries and are determined by various factors (Morris 2016).Canada currently tends to have strong employment market than the United States of America; that is experiencing the worst spell of unemployment for almost the past 20 years and continues to grow even into other parts of Europeans nations. The employment rate measures the number of working people per the available population. In Canada is averagely at 65.30 percent that has remained unchanged since 1976, only coming low in 2008 up to 56%. The American average employment rate is at 55.1 that have been dropping. Fortunately, the catastrophe of unemployment that is widespread in other Europeans countries does not affect Canada that offers a good environment for experts who ar e in search of job opportunity. Unemployment rate 5.90 Employed persons 18557.10 Unemployed persons 1153.40 Table 3: Shows the rate of employment between America and Canada The immigration policies of a country determine the opportunity an individual can have to move to that particular country. Unite states being the superpower with good infrastructure, education, health services, the stable economy made a large number of immigrants to move to America. The massive inflow of people created differences in the American attitude towards the immigrants: while some perceive the newcomers as beneficial to the country, a large number of Americans see and feel it as a threat to their life. The fear is brought about by frequents terrorist threats and attacks on the American soil. In addition to the terrorist scare, the population of American is very high, and therefore, allowing more other people from other countries tend to affect the sustainability (Koth Debeaumont 2017). These fears and doubts have made the American government under the leadership of Donald Trump have strengthened the immigration policies, making it difficult even to the genuine people who ar e in search of healthcare services to gain entry. Among the changed policies include the catch and release that allowed people found crossing into the American soil illegally released into the American while their asylum request was being processed since the government had nowhere to hold the detainees. The government has changed the policy and has embarked on expanding the detainees facilities. Another policy that has been modified is the Privacy Act that bared sharing of information of undocumented persons gained by government agencies such as Internal Revenue Services to Immigration Services. The policy aimed at allowing the undocumented people who have stayed in America for quite a long time to gain American citizenship. However, the situation is different in Canada that is sparsely populated, have more job opportunities, and have less restrictions in gaining into the country and the Canadian citizenship. Country Political stability and Crime rate Accident Rate The political stability of a country is influenced by various factors that are both internal and external (Beaumont 2017). It is defined as the resilience to adapt to the external factors and resume to the normal position by a country and determines the number of people traveling in and out of the state. When the countrys government unstable, the availability of business leaders and entrepreneurs from other countries tends to be affected. The United States and other British Commonwealth countries have enjoyed political balance for quite an extended period making them the most appropriate countries for investors(Eksi Kaya 2017). However, the ranking by the Global Peace Index place Canada was ranked eight as the most peaceful country in the world with the United States appearing at number 100. The index measured factors such the number of jailed citizens, political participation, and freedom to press, militarization, and other factors that identified the trend of peace over a given pe riod. Notably, the number of prison-sentences in Canada was approximately 38,700 people, translating to 114 for every 100,000 citizens unlike in the United States that averagely 716 people from every 100,000 citizens are locked up every year. According to the survey political violence, gun-related violence, terrorism, and overseas conflicts were high than their wealthy comparisons such as Europe, Asian, and Canada. The American political instability is majorly caused by the involvement of the government with other countries such as Iraq, Syria and South Korea. Other U.S.-designated terrorist organizations such as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the indigenous Revolutionary People's Liberation PartyFront (DHKP/C), and TAK also increased attacks in American soil. The government tends to spend a lot of money in the militarization, breaking the economic stability too. Consequently, the country is also on the verge of being attacked by terrorist anytime making any newcomer fear for their lives. Competitiveness Competitiveness is the set of institutions, policies, and factors that influence the level of productivity of a country. According to World Economic Forums Global Competitive report, (2015-2016)America is ranked the seventh a most economically competitive country in the globe. The country has a Global Competitive Index of 18 out of 144. The excellent universities, the flexible labor market, innovativeness, and quality of the infrastructure affect the rating. On the other hand, Canada is ranked on number 11, a position affected by the availability of quality electricity supply. Canada has Global Competitive Index of 14 out of 144. The rating shows that it is more competitive in America than in Canada. Therefore, a business person will opt to venture into Canada where there is a high probability of succeeding due to less competition. The major factor affecting the cost of living is the prices of goods and services that are also determined by various factors such as the demand and supply of the products and services, the Gross deistic product, and many others. America is considered as the most prestigious country and therefore, most people dream to live in America than other parts of the world. It is the human nature to compare their well-being to others, in relation to the quality of services and products received and that extends to the country level. Richer countries are always more happier than poor counties since the availability of the superior feeling among the residents. Utility cost Utility cost entails the expenses incurred on the items such as water and electricity. These items are essential since their unavailability make life difficult is such towns. The costs vary according to the region and the service provider. In America, the average monthly cost of the utilities are much higher than in Canada, a factor favored by the availability of mountains and water bodies in Canada. The energy is also cheap because Canada is a major producer of energy that is also exported to other countries. These utility costs tend to be higher in America than in Canada making the same people with equal disposable income in these respective counties to spend quite much in America than in Canada. Canada($) America($) Basic utilities (electricity, water) 108.38 147.71 Internet (unlimited data) 54.01 58.79 Table 4: Shows the comparison of Utilities in America and Canada Rights to live Every country has its constitution that entails different rights such right of freedom, right to live, right to move and many others (Arthur 2013). These rights vary and differ, for example in Canada the right to live were strengthened when the government abolished the capital punishment in 1976, unlike in the United States that still practices and charge inmate with death sentences. Being on the wrong side of the government is that every person should evade, but at times when one accidentally falls into a mistake then the ultimate judgment should not be death. Conclusion To most people, income is always the determinant of well being, a notion that is not true. Well, being is determined by many factors that have been discussed above, and each varies by the region, city, and service provider. To anybody who might be having difficulty in choosing which country between America and Canada is most suitable then I will recommend Canada. As much the healthcare services of the two countries are of good quality, I prefer living in Canada where the life expectancy at birth is much higher than in America. The life expectancy factor in Canada will allow anyone who is thinking of starting a family and putting them all through to education system, and then Canada is the best shot. Canada offers peaceful mind than America that has a high rate of gun violence and high probability of terrorist attack, due to the increased interaction of America and other countries that hood terrorist. It is quite easier to acquire entry into Canada than in America for those in search of job opportunities, that is quite unavailable in America. 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